Wow! Limbah Elektronik Tembus 53,6 Juta Ton

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Wow! Limbah Elektronik Tembus 53,6 Juta Ton

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Jumat, 03 Jul 2020 19:30 WIB

Jakarta - Meningkatnya penggunaan barang elektronik berdampak pada banyaknya jumlah limbah elektronik yang dihasilkan, dan 2019 lalu jumlahnya memecahkan rekor terbanyak.

Limbah Elektronik

Menurut Global E-waste Statistics Partnership (GESP), jumlah limbah elektronik selama 2019 lalu mencapai 53,6 juta ton. Jika dibagi dengan jumlah penduduk di bumi, maka setiap orang menghasilkan limbah elektronik sebanyak 7,3kg. China Photos/Getty Images  

BEIJING, CHINA - DECEMBER 11: A Chinese laborer gathers telephones and other electronic items  to be recycled in the Dong Xiao Kou village on December 11, 2014 in Beijing, China. The village, is made up mostly of families of poor migrant workers that have come from surrounding provinces and are some of the tens of thousands of scrap peddlars surviving on recycling goods collected in Chinas capital. China is the worlds biggest generator of solid waste and as the countrys population and economy continue to grow the peddlars are integral to the waste and recycling management system in major cities. (Photo by Kevin Frayer/Getty Images)

Limbah elektronik ini terdiri dari ponsel, komputer, perangkat elektronik rumah, dan bermacam perangkat elektronik lain. Hanya 17% dari total limbah elektronik itu yang berhasil didaur ulang, sementara sisanya dibuang ke tempat pembuangan akhir limbah, dibakar, atau dihilangkan dengan berbagai cara. Kevin Frayer/Getty Images  

BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)

Padahal, sudah banyak kampanye dan langkah dari perusahaan-perusahaan untuk mengurangi limbah elektronik ini, baik dengan mendaur ulang atau cara lainnya. Namun tetap saja jumlah limbah elektronik tetap meningkat, tepatnya sebesar 21% selama lima tahun terakhir. Uriel Sinai/Getty Images  

BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)

Menurut Ruediger Kuehr, salah satu penulis Sustainable Cycles Programme di United Nations University, lonjakan ini adalah permulaan yang terjadi karena peningkatan elektrifikasi yang bisa dilihat di mana-mana. Uriel Sinai/Getty Images  

BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)

Tak cuma banyak, limbah-limbah elektronik ini pun mengandung banyak bahan berbahaya. Salah satunya adalah merkuri, yang tergolong sebuah neurotoksin yang menyerang otak dan bisa merusak perkembangan kognitif anak-anak. Uriel Sinai/Getty Images  

BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)

Salah satu limbah yang mengandung merkuri adalah jutaan ton monitor datar yang dikirimkan oleh perusahaan pengolah limbah elektronik asal AS bernama Total Reclaim ke Hong Kong. Limbah tersebut membahayakan para pekerja yang bertugas membongkar panel layar tanpa pelatihan dan alat pelindung khusus. Total Reclaim kemudian diputus bersalah dalam sebuah investigasi federal di AS. Uriel Sinai/Getty Images  

BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)

Daerah yang paling banyak menghasilkan limbah elektronik, menurut laporan GESP tersebut, adalah Asia dengan jumlah limbah elektronik mencapai 24,9 juta ton. Lalu di posisi ke-2 adalah Amerika dengan 13,1 juta ton, dan Eropa dengan 12 juta ton. Uriel Sinai/Getty Images  

BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)

Ke depannya masalah limbah elektronik ini diperkirakan belum akan membaik, dan malah akan semakin buruk. Jumlah sampai elektronik pada 2030 diperkirakan mencapai 74 juta ton. Uriel Sinai/Getty Images  

LONDON - APRIL 29:  The WEEE Man a giant recycled waste Sculpture is unveiled on April 29, 2005 in London, England. The WEEE Man represents how much WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) an average UK person will create in their lifetime. A European WEEE directive, encouraging manufacturers to take responsibility for their products at the end of their life will come into effect in 2006. (Photo by Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images)

Terus meningkatnya jumlah limbah elektronik ini disebabkan oleh tingkat konsumsi perangkat elektronik yang terus meningkat dan juga siklus hidup produk elektronik yang semakin singkat, serta opsi perbaikan perangkat elektronik yang semakin kecil. Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images  

Limbah Elektronik
BEIJING, CHINA - DECEMBER 11: A Chinese laborer gathers telephones and other electronic items  to be recycled in the Dong Xiao Kou village on December 11, 2014 in Beijing, China. The village, is made up mostly of families of poor migrant workers that have come from surrounding provinces and are some of the tens of thousands of scrap peddlars surviving on recycling goods collected in Chinas capital. China is the worlds biggest generator of solid waste and as the countrys population and economy continue to grow the peddlars are integral to the waste and recycling management system in major cities. (Photo by Kevin Frayer/Getty Images)
BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)
BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)
BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)
BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)
BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)
BANGALORE, INDIA - APRIL 13: (ISRAEL OUT) Old computers and electronic parts are for sale at a local market, April 13, 2008 in Bangalore, India. Indias growing digital economy has contributed to the amount of e-waste it generates. According to the Karnataka, a state pollution control board, more then 10 tones of electronic waste is produced in Bangalore alone every year and about 80 per cent of e-waste generated in the US is exported to India, China and Pakistan to be recycled. (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)
LONDON - APRIL 29:  The WEEE Man a giant recycled waste Sculpture is unveiled on April 29, 2005 in London, England. The WEEE Man represents how much WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) an average UK person will create in their lifetime. A European WEEE directive, encouraging manufacturers to take responsibility for their products at the end of their life will come into effect in 2006. (Photo by Daniel Berehulak/Getty Images)
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